Pakistan energy needs are highly more then on imported fossil fuels which are a great burden on the country’s foreign exchange reserves, with an annual import bill of US$ 15 billion during 2015.
According to a preliminary survey by the Energy Foundation, Pakistan has enormous potential for power generation from Geothermal Energy Resources. It is estimated that 10,000 MW of electricity can be generated by installing different capacity power plants in all provinces without using any natural gas, furnace oil, diesel oil, gasoline/petrol or coal. It will reduce Pakistan’s dependence on imported fossil fuels, saving billions of dollars every year and increasing national energy security, besides reducing greenhouse gas emissions which degrade our environment.
The use of geothermal energy for air-conditioning, heating, cooling and supply of hot water in all the Federal, Defense, Provincial, Public and Commercial buildings will save substantial electricity and replace the natural gas and oil presently being, supplied to HVAC plants.
Pakistan has large potential to develop clean renewable energy resources which are abundantly available in all parts of the country. The other renewable energy resources like, solar, wind, hydropower, biomass & bio waste could be used for power generation to reduce dependence on the fossil fuels. The planned coal based power plants to meet the energy shortages by Government of Pakistan would require almost another 12 Billion USD annually to import the coal. The Thar Coal deposits are through planned.
Moreover, thermal power plants based on fossil fuels contribute major portion of the GHG emissions in Pakistan.
The present production of electricity from clean renewable energy resources in Pakistan is very little as compared to the available potential. Therefore a reliable survey of all the renewable energy resources like, geothermal, solar, wind, hydropower& biomass is urgently required for their planned development for the supply of sustainable, clean & affordable energy for the people & to improve the economy in Pakistan.
The total potential of clean renewable energy resources in the country have not been evaluated as yet. Energy Foundation is trying hard & exploring all the avenues to undertake the survey of all the renewable energy resources, especially geothermal energy which is available in all the provinces of Pakistan, but no action has been taken either by the government of Pakistan or by any other organization to develop this huge resource potential.
Pakistan could bring a green revolution through green economy by providing cheap, affordable, sustainable & clean energy for its people, otherwise it will not be able to compete in the global economy and continue asking for financial help from other countries and international financing organizations.
GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN’S EFFORTS FOR ENERGY CONSERVATION, EFFICIENCY & DEVELOPMENT OF CLEAN RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES:
Government of Pakistan is promoting energy conservation & efficiency measures and the development of clean renewable energy resources through Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) under Ministry of Water & Power and National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON) under Ministry of Environment. Moreover all the Provincial Governments of Sindh, Punjab, KPK and Baluchistan have created their independent Energy Departments for the development of renewable energy resources.
Alternate Energy Development Board (AEDB) has been setup under the Ministry of Power by the Government of Pakistan to facilitate development of alternate and renewable energy resources. The Board is working on the installation of Wind Power Projects. The Board is also sponsoring studies through international support / funding for waste to energy projects in different parts of Pakistan. Solar Power Plants and Solar Heaters are being promoted in the country. Micro hydro power plants are being installed in mountainous areas for small communities. The Board is also promoting Bio-diesel in Pakistan. However, in a country like Pakistan which spends Billions of Dollars every year on the import of food items, i.e., edible oil, wheat, vegetables & pulses, the use of biodiesel is economically and strategically not feasible.
National Energy Conservation Centre (ENERCON) is working under Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan and is responsible to promote and implement the Energy Efficiency and Conservation measures in the country. ENERCON is dealing with various energy conservation issues like Energy Audits, Labeling & Standardizations, Building Codes for Energy Efficiency, however, their role has been very limited to meet these objectives on a national level. Government of Pakistan have distributed free of cost forty million energy saver bulbs (CFL), in the country as a measure to conserve energy. The Funds for this project have been provided by Asian Development Bank.