Pakistan has been facing serious energy shortages for the last many years. The present shortage of electricity is 5000 MW during peak hours. Electricity shutdowns range anywhere from 8 to 20 hours per day in different parts of the country. The low energy supplies have resulted in closure of businesses and industries, increasing unemployment in the country, with an increase in desperation and unrest among labor. Industrial and agricultural production has decreased due to non availability of electricity, leading to shortages of basic living needs including food. People are protesting and also resort to violence in different cities against the electricity shutdowns. The energy crises in Pakistan are increasing unemployment, violence & green house gas emissions due to burning of tires during demonstration.
PAKISTAN COULD SOLVE ENERGY CRISES & reduce energy shortages through use of clean renewable energy resources, especially, geothermal, solar, wind & hydropower. Pakistan has large potential to develop geothermal energy resources for power generation and for cooling & heating/ air-conditioning and supply of hot water and through direct applications for various industries. The geothermal energy is available in all the provinces. However government of Pakistan is promoting coal power plants based on imported coal to reduce electricity shortages and following power plants have been planned.